Land required to start /open a CBSE school or for securing CBSE affiliation depends upon factors including the type of school i.e. primary, secondary, senior secondary and location of the school within the country.
The requirement of land also depends upon number of enrollments and number of sections the school is planning to run. We have detailed the specifications with regard to the minimum land area and infrastructure as given in the CBSE bye laws 2018 —
The land area needed for a starting a CBSE affiliated school is 8000 square meters (1.98 Acres). The school having land not less than 6000 square meters (1.483 Ares) may be granted affiliation provided the number of enrollments and number of sections is limited in accord with the Appendix-V.
The land requirements will be a minimum of 4000 square meters (0.99 Acres) for schools within the municipal authorities of cities with a population above 15 Lakhs, Ghaziabad, NOIDA, Faridabad, Gurugram, Panchkula (Haryana), Mohali/SAS Nagar (Punjab) and the satellite cities of Chandigarh, schools located in Hilly areas (as defined by NITI Ayog) and schools located in capital cities, North Eastern states and Jammu & Kashmir
For the schools located within the limits of Municipal Authority of the class-X cities Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Hyderabad and Pune, the minimum land requirement will be 2000 square meters for a Secondary School and 3000 (or 4000) square meters for a Senior Secondary School subject to the restriction of optimum enrolment and number of sections given in Appendix-V.
The minimum land requirement will be 1600 square meters for a Secondary School and 2400 (or 3200) square meters for a Senior Secondary School subject to the restriction of optimum enrolment and number of sections given in Appendix-V for the school located in the limits of Municipal Authorities of 4 metropolitan cities of Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata and Mumbai; State of Arunachal Pradesh; state of Sikkim and the Islands.
The minimum land requirement for Secondary school and Senior Secondary School situated on the Hill Station is 2000 square meters and 3000 (or 4000) square meters respectively.
Duly registered documents before the Registration Authority concerned of the State are required in the name of the school/trust/society/company. In case of the lease, a minimum term of 15 years is mandatory.
Society/trust/company can get into an arrangement with another organization for sports & physical activities, such an arrangement should last for at least 5 years.
The dimensions of the classroom and mathematics laboratory are minimum 8 m x 6 m (500 Sq. ft). Well-equipped Laboratories and the computer lab with minimum dimensions of 9 m x 6 m (600 sq. ft). The prescribed dimensions for the Library are 14 m x 8 m (1206 sq. ft). Separate rooms for Music, Dance, Arts & Sports or common multipurpose hall to accommodate all the activities is required
The specifications of CBSE with respect to the classroom space mandate 1 sqm space per student. The strength of any given section of any given class must not exceed 40 students. The playground must be big enough to accommodate a 200 m track and there must be space for a volleyball court and outdoor sports like Kho- Kho and Kabbadi.
For wheelchair users, the school must provide ramps in toilets and at entry/exit points and auditory signals in elevators/lifts in accordance with the provisions laid down in RPWD Act- 2016.
The school must provide healthy and hygienic toilets on each floor with washing facilities for boys and girls separately. The toilets for the primary students should be provided separately. There should be separate toilets for staff members. Signage Boards should be displayed prominently on the toilets of all categories.
Portable water, Health & Hygiene, fire safety, building safety, and transport precautions should be made available as per the local body directives.
The schools that are applying for up gradation of affiliation or switch over must understand the stipulations of CBSE regarding the strength of the school and corresponding classroom area. For instance, a school from pre-primary to class XII wants to accommodate 1000-1250 students it would need 1000 sq meter of minimum classroom area and then commensurate playground and facilities. It will amount to around 1 acre. As the number of students increases the sections in a class will have to be increased given the maximum strength norms.
Every school should have at least one adequately equipped computer lab with a minimum of 20 computers or computer student ratio of 1:20, along with proper software and cyber safety mechanisms. Wherever such facility is available, every school should have the facility of Broad Band Connectivity.
It is to be noted that the school land should be contiguous i.e. it should be in one place. The land must be secured with a pucca boundary wall. Details listed under Chapter 4, CBSE Bye-Laws 2018.
The land and school infrastructure specifications of the board must be adhered to for securing affiliation and eventual up gradation. You can easily find land required for CBSE school on popular web portal schoolprop.com
For assistance on any aspect of starting a CBSE school or obtaining CBSE affiliation, up gradation or CBSE switchover of an existing school, contact us.
Founder & Consultant - School Serv
Vinod Kakumanu heads a team of school services professionals and is an independent commentator on Indian school education scenario. Vinod has assisted school promoters establish 35+ schools besides providing ancillary services to over 1000 schools across India. He envisions a future where quality education is made available to every child of the country. The focus he places on the quality of the deliverables and customer satisfaction has made him renowned in the field of K-12 school education.