Posted on December 19, 2017 | by Vinod Kakumanu
There could have hardly been a better time to start/open a CBSE school in India and get CBSE affiliation. We say so because we are witnessing a change of orientation of the board – the 2018 reforms in CBSE Affiliation Bye-Laws, which are by all accounts progressive. The curtailment of paperwork, credence to state-verified documents and attestations by CBSE board and vice – versa has simplified the process of CBSE affiliation.
The changes that have been made in the affiliation bye-laws 2018 are not just limited to the modus-operandi of the affiliation process but also cover all the aspects of school management, suggesting or mandating changes as necessary.
This article focuses on directing school promoters to start a school and get affiliated to CBSE in the wake of CBSE Affiliation Bye-Laws 2018. Bye-laws have been admittedly bifurcated into pre-affiliation and post-affiliation norms. The pre-affiliation norms apply for schools aspiring for a CBSE affiliation and the post-affiliation process applies to schools that are already inspected by the affiliation committee and their recommendations have been affirmative.
Notably, Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is the national board of school education that has 27783 affiliated schools to date with a student count of 2 crores instructed by 70 lakhs teachers. I believe changes of such proportion in an enterprise like CBSE are bound to have noteworthy effects on education in India.
The revamped affiliation bye-laws October 2018, which came into effect are expected to benefit many, not in the least the school promoters or eduprenurs who are seeking to start a school with CBSE affiliation. The move has come in response to the concerns about the complexity and volume of the previous bye-laws document that was hard to follow and comprehend independently.
The new avatar of the bye-laws document is concise and puts into effect several qualitative changes in the roles of the bodies, for instance, the priority shift in the affiliation- inspection committee, focus on learning outcomes and redefined role of teachers making it more wholesome and accountable.
CBSE provides affiliation to the schools within the country and abroad, the nomenclature used by CBSE for different types of affiliation is listed under –
The single most differentiating measure that has been put into effect by the revamped affiliation bye-laws is the provision of mandatory composite affiliation. Earlier it was applicable to only selective categories. It will be mandatory for the schools to run all classes starting from the incipient class and up to the class for which affiliation has been granted. For Instance class 1st to 8th , class 1st to 10, from 6th to 8th ,6th to 10th , 6th to 12th . There are 2 provisions within the composite affiliation which to me is a paradigm shift, one of them is composite affiliation from class 1 to class 12 and the other is the concept of “Innovative Schools”. The composite affiliation afforded to the innovative schools is from class 9th to 10th and class 9th to 12th. The move opens up a big opportunity for mainstreaming alternative educational philosophies like Montessori, Steiner/Waldorf, etc
Initially, the affiliation to any of the private-unaided school expires in 3 years and renewal is subject to the board which will examine the consistency of the practices of the school in accordance with the bye-laws. This move has brought a lot of applause from all the stakeholders as it encourages a sustainable and integral approach.
Online applications for all categories open on 1st January and close by 31st March of a calendar year. Please refer Appendix-VI of Affiliation Bye-Laws for the detailed time frame of applications category-wise.
CBSE recognizes the role of Trust/Society/Company running the school in providing ‘healthy learning environment’ and establishing a center of ‘educational excellence’. Essential conditions for affiliation of schools are outlined here —
– Head of the school is the member secretary of the SMC
– The SMC of a private school can have no more than 21 members.
– Two parents of the two separate students of the school and two from the teaching staff will be in membership
– Two teachers from other school or college will be appointed as members
– No relative of SMC member will be appointed as the school Principal
– Not lesser than 50% women will form the SMC.
– The employment of teachers and the staff is incumbent on the SMC
Guidelines regarding the constitution of the SMC must be strictly adhered to, The School Management committee, besides ensuring the observance of the CBSE affiliation norms will also oversee the finances and provision of school supplies including furniture, science equipment, books for the library, teaching aids, and sports material. For detailed roles and responsibilities refer Chapter 9, CBSE bye-laws 2018.
School promoters may procure reliable, state of the art school supplies from online stores like schoolsupermart.com
The size of the land on which the school building is planned to be constructed must be 8000 square meters (2 acres). The renewed emphasis of the CBSE on sports and physical education has increased the importance of the playground and sports infrastructure to a degree without precedent.
Keeping in view, the differences between the territory, demographics, level of urbanization and density of population, the land requirement has been benchmarked less than 2 Acres.
CBSE bye-laws expressly delineate the land required to establish a CBSE affiliated school in different regions of the country that are situated in the cities (beyond 15 lakh population), metropolitan cities, class X cities, cities within the National Capital Region, state capital cities, hilly areas, North Eastern States, J&K and the Islands of Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep. In these places, land area requirement may vary from half an acre to 2 acres depending upon the category. The exact land requirement for your location must be in accord to Chapter 3 of the CBSE affiliation Bye-Laws 2018.
It must be noted that the concession made in the minimum land requirement accompany conditions of limiting the enrollments and the number of sections for each grade.
Specific details are listed under Chapter 4 of the Affiliation Bye- Laws 2018.
The affiliation to any board simultaneous to CBSE is not allowed for any school that intends to accommodate both batches in the same infrastructure and space. In other words, Dual Affiliation is not allowed.
The Bye-Laws necessitate that the entire process goes online. The application and the subsequent procedure has been listed for the optimal understanding of the school promoters.
School promoters must get their school registered with the CBSE on the board’s official website. Prior to the application, scanned copies of the prescribed documents must be readied for uploading and promoters must be ready to pay the affiliation fee as per Appendix-1 CBSE Affiliation Bye-Laws 2018.
The Affiliation Inspection – The affiliation inspection committee comprises at least 2 people, one of them is an academician. The suitability of the school for becoming a CBSE affiliated school will be judged through the assessment of several aspects including teaching methods, learning outcomes and overall academic standards maintained by the school.
CBSE would mostly concentrate on pedagogical styles being employed, the status of sports and games, student –counselor relationship, academics, reading habits and browsing habits of the students and other such subjects which ultimately arrive at raising the standard of education.
The schools are instructed to pay an annual sports fee which will be subject to change from time to time on the CBSE Board’s discretion. The school will send students representing the school in various inter-school sports and games competitions, rules related to the participation in the inter-school competition will be directed by CBSE.
If an “innovative school” apply for affiliation with the CBSE it will have to demonstrate how useful is its way of teaching & learning besides the suitability of pedagogical styles within the context of the K-12 school system in India.
Commencement Certificate must be earned by the school by applying via the grant letter stating that all the conditions have been met.
The changes in the bye-laws of affiliation will shift the perspective of the inspectors, the need for the training of teachers will be better assessed and they will be oriented to the learning needs of the 21st Century.
For curricular implementation, the schools will get their due of expert guidance from the academicians. The ones who want to start a school will have the obvious benefit of the fast-tracked process of affiliation. As for the existing schools—affiliated or candidate for affiliation– the entire effort and thought will not be invested in infrastructural superficialities. They will have the time and need to reflect upon obtaining and maintaining the desired levels of education.
CBSE is the leading national school certificate examination conducting board. It is followed by the CISCE as far as national boards of affiliation in India is concerned. A comparative assessment of CBSE and ICSE boards is available in a separate article, click here to read.
Though many education programs, national and international, are in the fray the schools affiliated to the board are seen throughout the country as viable and successful preparatory pre-university institutions. CBSE also runs schools in some countries besides India too. While IB and IGCSE are seen as synonymous with global education in India, CBSE international and CBSE premium schools are the initiatives of the board taken in view of the need for international orientation of school education within the bounds of affordability. We have attempted a comparative analysis of IB, IGCSE, ICSE, and CBSE in another article, click here to read.
CBSE board and schools affiliated to it enjoy a reputation of efficiency and transparency in operations. For assistance on any aspect of opening a CBSE school or obtaining CBSE affiliation, up gradation or CBSE switchover of an existing school, contact us.
composite affiliation is meant to simplify the process of affiliation. it does away with the need of upgradation of a school to expand. provision of composite affiliation is given in the categories from elementary classes to the highest 1 to 10 or even 12. There are provisions for the middle school as well. at any rate, It will cut the red tape.
To get affiliation for CBSE in a city like Udaipur you are required to have at least 1.5 acres of land and as CBSE is providing composite affiliation you can apply for it from class 1 to 12. However, you will have to have the standard requirements of infrastructure, faculty and administration. To get further information refer to my article on starting a CBSE school on our website.
Hi Aditya, Submit/Upload the NoC now with an attested copy that will manifest that the responsibility of delay does not lie with you. In case the uploading it now is not possible correspond with the board directly or at the first chance you get, be it a meeting, training or inspection.
Hello Shanti, I would like to point you to my previous articles (1) “How to start a CBSE school anywhere in India?” for detailed procedure for starting a CBSE school in India and answers to most frequently asked questions about starting CBSE school. (2) “Land and infrastructure requirement for starting CBSE school in India” for guidance on land requirements for CBSE school
Obviously, We can assist you in all aspects of starting a new CBSE school, we begin with a market survey to determine a sustainable school concept for the proposed location, launch the new school and provide ongoing management services. More details about our services are listed here.
Request you to share more details about the school you wish to open using this start cbse school form. Our consultants will get in touch with you soon.
If I am understanding you correctly, you mean till which grade you can run a school without the need for affiliation (I did not get why you brought CBSE in the picture). Well, when you start a school you mandatorily get the permission of the state, this practically makes your school a state board affiliated school which you can run till grade 12th. you cannot publicize a school as CBSE unless you have the affiliation.
I run a CBSE school in Bilaspur M.P. Earlier i wanted to run two streams but i could not do that. Since i have come to know that i offer additional subjects, i want to do that. How much will it cost me to offer additional subjects in my school which runs only science stream as of now?
The Innovative school signify an institution that imparts curricular knowledge and education through pedagogical methods which are inventive and ingenious and are not as widespread as the conventional instructional method. The important examples include Multiple Intelligence schools, Waldorf Schools, Montessori Schools etc.
You will have to believe, comprehend and study the pedagogical and theoretical approach which you intend to follow. Then you will have to find teachers and train them. Thanks to CBSE your school can now get recognition provided it is genuinely advancing the cause.
There will be a distinction in the statement of marks of course but there will be no disparity between these two kinds of certificates. Innovative schools have been given the advantage of composite affiliation from 9th to 10th and 9th to 12th. this signifies that the innovative schools are being given an environment to thrive.
The composite affiliation will enable the school promoters to be more resolute. The entrepreneurs opening new schools with a vision to go upto a certain class will now have the chance to accomplish that in one go. composite affiliation from 1 to 12 is the defining feature.
The post affiliation norms serve the purpose of readying the school in administrative and functional aspects. the value system is also expected to change like financial transaction methods. Appointment of well-qualified PET and Special Educator and their induction must be finalized by the time the commencement letter arrives. Refer chapter 2 for further details.
Yes they can if there is merit in such a proposition and there are international schools in India which run the curricula of their respective countries including U.S and U.K besides other for expats. But the entry into the education sector of India is not arbitrary. There is a voluntary association of all the boards, under MHRD, of education boards of India COBSE that also includes NCERT, National Union of Education Planning and Administration (NUEPA)National Council of Teacher Education(NCTE) and even education boards of other nations. This serves as a forum of exchange of ideas and generation of policies. Random entry into the education system is not what is our education infrastructure is prone to.
I understand your concern. I shall correct just one technicality i.e. CBSE does not design syllabus NCERT does. As far as common elements in exams is concerned, they must be. JEE is +2 level exam and therefore based on +2 syllabus, however not on any syllabus exclusively.
I do not believe there is any other exam, besides that of the preceding class that a student has to pass to get admitted into its courses. There is no aptitude test etc. that is invented for such purpose. You have to select students on your own discretion.
I believe the “supplementary books” you are referring to are the guide books which are authored by several different scholars but are not authorized by NCERT, hence CBSE. CBSE does not allow to practice teaching from guide books because of several reasons including the difficulty in deciding which to choose. The student can very well study from any material he or she likes, no one can stop that.
The experiences of your son are genuine and should not be discounted. At the same time, we should remember that he has graduated to a higher class and will obviously come face to face with completely new topics. NCERT has a standard academic level in all subjects including those of social sciences, it depends on the schools how they implement the curriculum, what they teach and what they leave out. There is, of course, a difference of approach in IB and CBSE but they are equally rigorous academically.
I guess, there will be differences in the student life of the child as it also includes social cultural and linguistic aspects of life. But if you are concerned about the curriculum implementation and studies, there is little reason to think so because CBSE affiliation mandates standards that school can not infringe upon.
It is heartening to know that there are people who have such practicable ideas rather than just words of cynicism. As far as your question is concerned, I am afraid I can really not answer “why”, but I am sure that it intervenes in designing the national policy of primary education and that is why it decides the eligibility of the teachers teaching the government primary classes. Education comes under both state and center list so the CBSE representing the Centre conducts all those responsibilities.
Perhaps you have not versed with the nature of NCERT and its domain hence that question.
NCERT oversees myriad aspects of the implementation of education policies. The objective of NCERT is to assist and advise the Ministry of Education and Social Welfare in the implementation of its policies and major programmes in the field of education, particularly school education. Drafting and publishing and recommending content of the school text books is just one of the aspects of NCERT. If the body deems any educational Programme inappropriate or driven by wrongful intent it will prevent its introduction in schools. . Research, Development, Training, Extension, Publication etc. are some of its major functions besides overseeing the dissemination of knowledge directly.
The school is expected to have a school governing body. The governance structure represented by the organogram of the school i.e. the hierarchy starting from the head of the Institution cascading through head of departments and so on. And yes, it is different from the school management committee, both bodies exist simultaneously.
The NCERT books are preferred way to familiarize oneself with the basics which become for most of the people redundant and obsolete with the years. They are not the syllabus for any of those exams. There is an industry that has sprung around competitive exams. To what extent would the high school years familiarity can be the decisive factor?
It is really something hard to know but if such a development happens what could possibly be better? Every institution is supposed to keep an eye on exceptional talent and prevent its loss from negligence or the monotony that routine obliges us to hold on to. But the question is not answerable yet, still there is no reason to believe that such an idea would be considered without merit.
JEE, NEET are sometimes organized by the CBSE, that does not mean that the pattern of the exam would follow that of CBSE organized class 12th exam. it is the sequential learning, weightage to certain topics, level of difficulty of certain topics and subjects may be conducive to the exams under discussion. But this does not mean that it is to the disadvantage of the students studying under other boards, that would be ,not to mention, grossly unethical and even illegitimate.
So as far as the question of proximity with “+ 2 big exams” is concerned, it just implies that the CBSE might teach certain topics with rigor while others with ease and incidentally, that fits the overall preparation of students for entrance exams. Nothing much must be read into it.
Any of these non-proprietary entities are equally conducive to start a CBSE school, or any school for that matter. You are, like you said, preparing to establish one of these organizations. Making a choice is indeed not irrelevant but you have to consider multiple factors and a review of your disposition and that of the other stakeholders is due as well. You can’t hope to be sufficiently informed through correspondence. However, the section 8 company is reportedly conducive for FCRA i.e. Foreign Contribution Regulation Act.
Well, more than anything, permanent affiliation implies consistency and stability. It is provided to the schools run by societies or government and unaided private schools as well, once the board has enough reason to conclude that the school will continue to adhere to the standards without aberration and will be completely financially stable. Generally, school which have run on provisional affiliation for 10 years or so are good candidates for permanent affiliation. However, it does not have any bearing on functional aspects or classification of CBSE schools.
No it is not mandatory for the school to do so. The school has to focus on the standards and progress sustaining affiliation in the process. Only the schools which have been given an extension (3-5 years) of affiliation to satisfy the unfulfilled conditions need to worry about the provisional affiliation after getting it once.
The practice is legitimate if it is an expedient measure i.e. which is taken in response to a pressing need. It cannot be a policy or routine or parallel schooling. The students you refer may be class 12th students, who could be selected on merit, going for crash courses etc. the school can decide to get such assistance to students, it is very similar to arranging guest lecture. The assistance cannot be forced upon the students though. Besides, the measure of providing coaching classes cannot be made a promotional plank.
Yes, the fact is that the onus of training the in-service teachers lies with the school. Every year one-week-long training programme under an organization identified by the board or a govt. recognized teacher’s training institute is a condition for sustaining CBSE affiliation.
The schools that are part of a PPP school project are shortlisted by the corporates’ CSR management bodies. The schools that get to have a part have some or the other outstanding achievement in the sector of education. Anyway, the school that is selected is in fact a government school where a management from an efficient private school is implanted. Their influence is well-known in the area and they are known favorably in the region. Besides the school management must be experienced enough to turn waste into value and liability into asset.
I already started a CBSE school till class X. I want to start IB diploma programme for senior secondary. I have been healing that it is not feasible for CBSE students to cope with IBDP and i will find it difficult to retain students. Is it really an incompatible arrangement as i have seen certain schools doing it.
yours is not an unheard of case at all. in fact, a majority of schools starting IB face the problems of curricular inconsistency between IB and other boards including CBSE , ICSE and even IGCSE. the CBSE or ICSE schools which successfully run IBDP keep the option for students open to opt for CBSE or ICSE in class 11th and 12th. and those who want to take up IB can do so. In fact, CBSE students have shown great potential in scoring highly in IBDP.
I have opened a new school which is till class 5. my plan is to add higher classes very quickly. The school is made on CBSE guidelines and we use NCERT books. I am going to open class 6th and 7th and apply for CBSE affiliation, can i call my school a CBSE school while promoting it.
No, primary schools are not affiliated to boards, they are just recognized by state or any international organization along with the state. you have to apply for running middle class syllabus till class 8th and only then you can promote children to class 7th if you want it to carry CBSE credentials. do not use “CBSE affiliated” in advance in any case.
No, first of all sports is a co-curricular activity not an extra -curricular one. no directive regarding investment on sports, or for that matter, any curricular segment is set by the board. Resources have to be adequate and you have to give what it takes for it to be adequate.
Teacher training material is supplied to the schools in timely manner by the board itself. There is no such outlet, to the best of our knowledge where you can get the teacher training material for a price. Training programmes organized by CBSE are founded on thorough research of the pedagogical scenario and it is very essential for the teachers to attend every training programme that is meant for them.
Getting affiliation for running vocational stream for a private institution is not usual as it is considered challenging. The infrastructure, resources, instructors and teachers required for sustaining subjects of the vocational stream are substantial. The affiliation for vocational subjects will have to be taken at the secondary level too as there are school certificate exams in class Xth too. The range of vocational subjects is wide say, from Geospatial technology to fashion designing or financial market management to food production besides the ones you mentioned. It is vital to assess how many of these would you be able to offer your students. To have the resources to give students what they expect while opting for vocational stream is a tremendous responsibility, if one can do that it is very rewarding.
There is no rule or law preventing any private unaided school to set the terms of eligibility like CTET qualified. However, it will be extremely difficult for you to find teachers for all subjects and disciplines that are CTET qualified. First, around 6 to 8 percent qualify and that’s the all India average and recruiting on the basis of scores of a one –day exam only can be a little short-sighted. You should concentrate on the academic record and professionalism of the teacher rather than CTET as an all-encompassing mark of competence.
I run IB PYP curriculum, I want to apply for affiliation of CBSE, can I directly apply for provisional affiliation for secondary classes IX and X. Do I have to necessarily get affiliated to CBSE for class 7th and 8th or I can directly go for affiliation from class 9th?
It is advisable to apply for Middle Class Syllabus approval for class 7th and 8th. In any event, you will be using the CBSE and IB name for positioning your school, you would not, I believe, like to mention that class 7th and 8th are unaffiliated. Not mentioning it thus amounts to declaring that they are affiliated, so it is proper to get the approval for running NCERT syllabus, which is anyway what you would be doing.
I am running a CBSE school with a provisional affiliation till class X. I am applying for sr. secondary affiliation. Besides that, we want to start class IX and X IGCSE for which more students (from within the school and outside) have applied than I have seats. Can I select them through an exam or on the basis of merit? It has come to my knowledge that I cannot take recourse to any discriminatory practice, what is the right course of action?
appeal of the new course with the international tag attached is understandable. You will have to use your discretion in dealing with the applications of your own students as you cannot reject it simply like an external application. If the raised cost is not deterring them, you will have to counsel both parents and students for which you can seek help of Cambridge International representative. Using merit list is viable but counselling of the child is the best course to take.
My school have been denied affiliation by the CBSE as the teachers do not possess required qualification. I have been informed, the board grants time and exemption in the matter of teacher’s qualification for the schools in regions where the availability of teachers is low. Is there any way to get the board to reconsider?
You will have to understand that the rejection on the ground of ill-qualified teachers comes only if a majority of the teachers in your employ do not have the requisite degrees and are, most likely, paid low. And as far as the question of general unavailability of teachers is concerned, if the region is deemed to be one of such cases the board must have considered and given you time. After all, are there really no schools in your area with qualified teachers? It is pointless to mull over reconsideration as inadequacy of qualification directly has a bearing on the future of the students and unless you correct that affiliation is hard to come by.
Before arriving at a decision to start a school, aspiring school promoters must take into consideration the availability of teachers in the target location.
I am planning to apply for affiliation from CBSE. CBSE bye-laws say that I can have an understanding with another organization for arranging the space for sports and physical education classes. Can I associate with a preschool near my school for sports and Physical Education?
I don’t think that it would be practical or proper to associate with a playschool for sports and physical education purposes for school children. For one it would not have the required space, given it is a preschool. It will also be inimical for the environment of the playschool itself. Furthermore, the total area after the collaborative arrangement with other organization the total area at the school’s disposal must not be lesser than 2 acres and the collaboration with any organization must be based on transparent and legitimate terms with no violation or irregularity.
We run a school which secured provisional affiliation in 2015, although we have taken steps to maintain quality of teachers and infrastructure etc as per the CBSE guidelines the strength of the school has been decreasing for the last two years. Some people have suggested to us that if the strength keeps falling CBSE is liable to withdraw our school’s affiliation, is it correct?
CBSE does not deny or withdraw affiliation basing it on the enrollment trend of the school. The drop in the strength is not one of the criteria per se. However, if the decreased rate of admissions is indicative of deep-seated problems involving school management, teaching standards etc. the board may take cognizance and scrutinize the practices of the school before deciding to withdraw affiliation.